A paved patio often serves as an extension of the adjacent room. It can be used as a space to sit or park your bike or motorbike. It is also an important element for the appearance of your house.
What should you consider?
The patio must be perfectly leveled and not present irregularities, holes, or potholes. Paving the patio is not the same as leveling it. If the patio is perfectly level, puddles will remain in it after raining or cleaning it with a water gun. In other words: the patio must always have a slight slope.
How to Build a Patio Paver
What tools do you need?
- flat shovel
- concave shovel
- rubber hammer
- measuring tape
- angle grinder
- a longboard
- Bubble level
[su_box title=”House Critique Advice” box_color=”#b70808″]Using a Weed-Resistant Foundation before adding the sand will prevent weeds from growing between the pavers or tiles.[/su_box]
How big should the slope be
Rainwater must be able to drain from the yard easily. A slope of 2 cm per meter is usually sufficient. Typically, it will drain to a drain, garden, or road.
Mark the corners
To start, mark the edges of the patio with string and some wooden posts. Drive the posts directly into the ground, vertically and at one-meter intervals. Usually, a depth of 25 to 30 cm is sufficient. If you want the patio to reach an exterior door, the patio’s highest part should be at least 3 cm below the door.
Patio tiles on a sand bed
[amalinkspro type=”image-link” asin=”B07W3FGPPG” new-window=”true” apilink=”https://www.amazon.com/dp/B07W3FGPPG?tag=hcrit-20&linkCode=osi&th=1&psc=1″ addtocart=”false” nofollow=”true” alt=”PANDAHOME 22 PCS Wood Plastic Composite Patio Deck Tiles, 12”x12” Interlocking Decking Tiles, Water Resistant for Indoor & Outdoor, 22 sq. ft – Mocha” alignment=”aligncenter”]https://m.media-amazon.com/images/I/41vT3OccxWL._SL600_.jpg[/amalinkspro]
If you want to lay the patio tiles on a sand bed, you will need a layer of sand 10 cm deep. Spread the sand over the entire surface so that it is very slightly above the edge boards. Then spread a 2mm layer of cementitious powder over the sand bed to stabilize. Smooth this layer with a rake and tamp down the sand bed to firm it. Then smooth the surface with a straight board.
Laying the tiles
Lay the tiles so that they lie flat and in a straight row without stepping on the sand bed. The tiles should fit perfectly together and be firm as soon as you lay them. The second row of tiles should overlap half a tile with the first to create a regular interlocking pattern. By pre-calculating how many half tiles you need, you will avoid cutting too many tiles. It is best to cut the tiles using an angle grinder with a stone cutting wheel or diamond wheel of the appropriate diameter. When using the angle grinder, be sure to wear safety glasses, hearing protectors, and work gloves.
Once you have laid all the tiles, you can begin to finish the sides with a brick or concrete side course. Once this is done, you can fill in the sides of the patio with topsoil.
If you want a stronger, rustic-looking patio, you can use pavers instead of tile. Pavers are usually stone or concrete and are sold in different colors. The type of pavers will determine the number of units you will need. You can lay the pavers in an interlocking pattern, either parallel or at a 45-degree angle. In the second case, you will need a slightly higher number of pavers. You can also choose other designs: half brick interlocking, 45 ° or 90 ° herringbone interlocking, parquet, random …
If you want your patio or driveway to be really solid, you can lay the pavers on a bed of stabilized sand. This material is a mixture of sand and cement in fixed proportions. For patios, you should use 150 kg / m³ of the mix; for entrance lanes, 200 kg / m³. You can also make the stabilized sand mix yourself. In that case, the proportions will be 1: 4 and 1: 5, respectively. This means 1 part (shovels or bags) of cement for every 4 or 5 parts of sand. If you need a larger quantity, it is best to rent a concrete mixer.
Without walking on the sand bed, place the pavers upright, in the right place, and making sure they fit perfectly. Tap them lightly with a rubber hammer to set them at the proper height. Always make sure to hit the pavers at the edges and not in the middle to avoid breaking them. If a paver is too high or too low, take it out and remove or add some sand from underneath. Then replace the paver and hit it.
Row by row
Lay the pavers row by row and, each time you start a new row, first smooth the sand to the proper height. As you work, check from different directions to see if the patio is level and if the paver pattern is straight and regular. You can then cut the pavers to size for the side edges. Use an angle grinder with a suitable diameter stone cutting wheel or diamond wheel.
Vibrating plate compactor
If you are making a driveway and the pavers have to support your car’s weight, it is best to compact them with a vibrating plate. You can also use the vibrating plate to compact the sand bed before laying the pavers. Once you have leveled and compacted the sand bed, you can lay the pavers in the desired pattern. Once you have laid all the pavers, you can compact them with the vibrating plate. This method of work is much faster than hitting each paver individually.
Distribute the sand
Once you’ve finished the patio or driveway, pour a generous amount of silver sand on top. Use a broom to sweep up the sand into the holes. This work can be somewhat laborious, but it is worth doing it carefully because this way, the pavers will be more fixed, and the weeds will have it almost impossible to grow in the holes. After a few days, once all the gaps are filled, you can sweep to remove the excess sand.