Acacia Wood and Its Properties

Acacia wood is a type of wood that grows in Africa, America, Asia, and the Pacific coast. However, it originated in Australia and is native there. There are more than a thousand varieties of Acacia. The hardwood derived from the tree is suitable for the construction of long-lasting furniture and household items.

Everything about Acacia wood

Where does acacia grow?

Acacias are well adapted to deserts and tropical areas. Therefore, they have a wide distribution and are native to Australia, South Africa, the southwestern United States, and South and Central America. Some people plant species of these trees for their attractive yellow flowers. Because they are so diverse and fast-growing, some of these species have become invasive.

acacia wood

How is acacia wood different from other tree species?

In addition to its resistance to water damage, Acacia wood’s durability is the crucial selling point. This was one of the main novelties that I got from an interview with Rajiv, a furniture manufacturer for the last 35 years, who praised the fact that Acacia products are relatively resistant to scratches, unlike other wood species that show scratches more obviously.

The natural color is a dark brown shade with a rich grain that is attractive and used in the kitchen or bathroom. This wood also has useful antibacterial properties, especially mushroom types, making it useful when made in kitchen food plates, serving plates, and other kitchen utensils. This wood’s waterproof nature means that cookware will also not warp due to water damage.

Do you have a distinctive feeling?

It is possible to polish the wood to make it feel silky smooth, well almost, but it naturally has a smooth wood finish, so it is not necessary. It’s certainly suitable for food plates because it provides clean curves where food can move freely without rough edges to store crumbs or catch food.

Renewable forestry at work

One of the advantages of Acacia trees is that when harvested, they grow fast when replanted. Pine trees typically grow about 7% biologically each year, but Acacia exceeds this level. Due to natural growth speed, it is difficult for forestry companies to run out of wood supply and deplete the forest in the process. As such, it is an excellent renewable resource that also cleans the air as other forests do. When it is first cut, it also has a sweet aroma, which is also different from other trees.

If you like the darker finish of acacia wood, the renewable forestry aspects due to its faster organic growth rate, or that it has a strong visual appearance that complements any room, the popularity of this species of wood continues to grow. As more homeowners learn about it and express a preference for it.

Care and cultivation

This plant loves direct sun, and it is very resistant, so it is also suitable for areas that are not very sunny or with particular climatic conditions, such as the sea.

On the contrary, it does not tolerate snow and wind and needs heat (ideal temperature between a minimum of 15° during the day and 7° at night), but it is still relatively resistant to cold and wind.

If it is grown in the garden, it does not require special care. It receives the correct amount of water from the rains, so it does not need to be watered. Soils must be drained and very deep to allow the development of powerful roots.

Being a rustic species, it generally does not get sick. However, mealybug larvae and bites may attack it.

What is acacia wood used for?

Acacia has many varied uses, from hardwood furniture to water-soluble gums used as thickening agents in food. The most common use is the cultivation of acacia for wood in the manufacture of furniture. It is a very resistant wood, so it is also used to make support beams for buildings. The beautiful wood is also used in carving for practical purposes, such as making bowls and decorative uses.

acacia woods properties

Properties of acacia wood

In recent years, acacia wood has gained popularity due to its increasing use in good quality solid wood furniture. It is hardwood and is quite strong and attractive. It also has good dimensional stability and durability and can be used to make outdoor furniture.

The crucial properties of acacia wood are listed below

Colour

Acacia heartwood color ranges from light brown to dark red; It can be clearly differentiated from the yellowish-white sapwood.

Weight

Acacia wood is moderately heavy. It has an air-drying specific gravity range of 0.60-0.75 (average value of 0.72). This means that it is quite dense, and its weight is comparable to that of teak wood.

Grain pattern

Acacia wood has a straight or wavy grain pattern.

Texture

Acacia wood has a fine texture, which means it has a smooth finish. Due to this feature, it is the right choice for making decorative wood.

Moisture content

The moisture content of air-dried acacia wood is around 12%. Well, seasoned acacia wood can last longer without shrinking or warping.

Durability

Acacia wood is moderately durable. Acacia furniture does not last as long as teak wood does, but it still has better durability than many other kinds of wood.

Strength

It is hardwood and quite strong. It is useful for light construction work and for making furniture.

Therefore, these are the main characteristics of acacia wood. In my opinion, Acacia furniture is a good option for those looking for an alternative to solid teak wood.

Acacia wood as a material for furniture

Due to its durability, glossy finish, and various shades, acacia wood is often chosen to decorate the home. This type of wood is just a beautiful and practical material to create high-quality furniture. Depending on how the wood is finished, you can find acacias in light or dark tones; For example, if you have a lime wash, you will notice that the furniture looks smooth, and the grain patterns will be noticeable.

On the other hand, it is also possible to find a mahogany color finish (my favorite, by the way!) That makes the furniture darker. Acacia wood has been used for multiple purposes as well as application; As furniture, you can consider for the bedroom, dining room, and living room, for flooring applications, wood performs excellently,

Many people are prevented from opting for acacia furniture or flooring, as they think it is expensive, but in reality, this is not true; Furniture savvy argues that as long as homeowners make sure to wax the wood as directed when purchasing the furniture, this method will keep the acacia from its natural shine and prevent cracking.

I must warn you that waxing is not recommended if you buy finished acacia wood furniture. Acacia furniture is heavy, strong, and resistant to wear and tear; These are great features that can be tailored to your needs and home style.